GREEK DANCES AND MUSIC FIRST APPEARED IN CRETE, WHERE THE MOTHER OF THE GODS, RHEA, TAUGHT THEM TO CURETES WHO VENERATED HER.
The most famous Cretan dance was the Pyrrhic. Very famous throughout Greece, Cretan dances are echoes of the dances of the Curetes (i.e. daemons from Cretan mythology). Traditional Cretan dances are danced by men and women, who wear their wonderful Cretan costumes in formal events. They are either fast or slow, but always vivid and imposing. When danced by groups of men, they remind of the war dances of Curetes.
With the lyre or the violin as a guide, accompanied by the lute and rarer instruments, such as the bulgari, the askomandoura or the thiamboli, dancers present the complex steps and the first of the cycle, usually a man, performs skillful dance movements called tsalimia.
Each area of the island has its own traditional dances, most of which retain the primitive circular pattern. Main dances are pentozalis, kastrinos, pidichtos, siganos, syrtos and sousta, which is danced in couples and is an erotic and vigorous dance, almost danced on the tip of the toes.